With one of of the most spectacular waterfalls in the world, the Iguazu Falls Brazil was the second Brazilian National Park to be created in 1939.
It’s part of the largest remaining Atlantic Forest of southern Brazil. Protects a rich biodiversity, consisting of representative species of the Brazilian fauna and flora, some of which are threatened with extinction, such as jaguar (Pantheraonca), puma (Puma concolor), broad-snouted caiman (Caimanlatirostris), purple parrot (vinacea Amazona), harpy eagle (Harpy harpyja) peroba pink (Aspidospermapolyneutron) ariticum (Rolliniasalicifolia), araucaria (Araucariaaugustifolia), as well as many other species of great value and scientific interest. The park protects the entire basin of Floriano river, an affluent of the Iguaçu River.
This significant biological variability and the unique landscape of awesome waterfalls, made the Iguazu National Park the first Brazil Conservation Unit to be established as a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986.
The Iguazu Falls in Brazil extend a semicircular front of 2,700 meters long. The view is amazing. 800 meters are on the Brazilian side and 1,900 meters on the Argentine side. They are composed of a variable number of falls ranging between 150 and 270 meters, according to the river water volume. The falls have names like Floriano, Deodoro, Benjamin Constant, but the most famous is the Devil’s Throat.
The Iguassu Parana rocks were originated from volcanic processes – called volcanism cracks that occurred in the region between approximately 165 120 million years.
Together with the Iguazú National Park in Argentina, the park includes the most biological continuous important South-Central South America, with over 600 hectares of protected areas and other 400 000 in even primeval forests.
The Iguazu Falls from Brazil side is an example of integration between conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
PARQUE NACIONAL DO IGUACU
The park is open daily from 9h to 17h .
It can be visited throughout the year, with the months of lower flow of visitors is June and July due to the winter and the lower temperatures.