Brazil Side

Iguazu Falls Brazil Side: Areas and Information

With one of of the most spectacular waterfalls in the world, the Iguazu Falls Brazil was the second Brazilian National Park to be created in 1939.

It’s part of the largest remaining Atlantic Forest of southern Brazil. Protects a rich biodiversity, consisting of representative species of the Brazilian fauna and flora, some of which are threatened with extinction, such as jaguar (Pantheraonca), puma (Puma concolor), broad-snouted caiman (Caimanlatirostris), purple parrot (vinacea Amazona), harpy eagle (Harpy harpyja) peroba pink (Aspidospermapolyneutron) ariticum (Rolliniasalicifolia), araucaria (Araucariaaugustifolia), as well as many other species of great value and scientific interest. The park protects the entire basin of Floriano river, an affluent of the Iguaçu River.

This significant biological variability and the unique landscape of awesome waterfalls, made the Iguazu National Park the first Brazil Conservation Unit to be established as a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986.

The Iguazu Falls in Brazil extend a semicircular front of 2,700 meters long. The view is amazing. 800 meters are on the Brazilian side and 1,900 meters on the Argentine side. They are composed of a variable number of falls ranging between 150 and 270 meters, according to the river water volume. The falls have names like Floriano, Deodoro, Benjamin Constant, but the most famous is the Devil’s Throat.

The Iguassu Parana rocks were originated from volcanic processes – called volcanism cracks that occurred in the region between approximately 165 120 million years.

Together with the Iguazú National Park in Argentina, the park includes the most biological continuous important South-Central South America, with over 600 hectares of protected areas and other 400 000 in even primeval forests.

The Iguazu Falls from Brazil side is an example of integration between conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.

PARQUE NACIONAL DO IGUACU

Opening Timmings
The park is open daily from 9h to 17h .

It can be visited throughout the year, with the months of lower flow of visitors is June and July due to the winter and the lower temperatures.

The waterfalls are formed by the falls of Iguaçu River, which in Tupi-Guarani means “big water”.

Eighteen kilometers before joining the Paraná River, the Iguaçu overcomes a ground unevenness and plunges in drops of up to 80 meters high, reaching a width of 2780 meters. Its geological formation dates from about 150 million years, but the formation of the landform of the falls began about 200 thousand years.

The Iguaçu river measures 1200 meters wide above the falls. Below is a close up to 65 m channel. The total width of the Falls in Brazil is approximately 800 m and on the Argentine side of 1,900m. The height of the falls ranging from 40 to 80 mts.

The average flow of the river is around 1,500 m3 per second, ranging from 500 m3/s in dry seasons to 8,500 m3 /s in full. The largest volume of water occurs between the months of October to March.

There are 19 major jumps, five of them on the Brazilian side (Floriano, Deodoro and Benjamin Constant, Santa Maria and Union) and the other on the Argentine side. The arrangement of heels, with most of them on the Argentinean side and facing Brazil, provides the best view for those who observe the scenery from Brazil.

Remember the way that the Indians of the region used to circumvent the Iguaçu Falls. The Black Pit Trail or Trilha do Poço Preto in portuguewe, can be defined today as an Ecological Safari. There are 9 km that can be made walking, biking or in an electric car. The trail is carried out with bilingual guides who talk about the Iguaçu National Park flora and fauna.

It starts in a catwalk suspended 320 meters in the heart of the National Park. During the visit, can be seen beautiful native species of the park.

A small journey through the Iguaçu falls forest continue. Now, in a suspension bridge that leads to a rough track of 500 meters, passes through a bunker 10 meters high, and up there a spectacular panoramic view of the forest. Noteworthy is the Alligator Pond, which concentrates great diversity of aquatic animals.

Now it’s time to enjoy the Iguaçu River, with a navigation on a motor boat at the top of the river, through the Taquaras Archipelago, with the option to ride in ducks and snorkeling, for observation of aquatic vegetation.

Be careful to do not miss any detail, the return is done by the rapids, passing the Island of the Parrots, where the rising and setting of the sun happen flocks of thousands of parrots.

You can choose to land at the Port Bananeiras or Porto Canoas.

Remember to wear comfortable clothes, do not forget mineral water, sunscreen and insect repellent.

Duration – Depending on weather conditions the tour average is 4 hours

The Trail of Bananeiras consists of a trail of approximately 1.5 km, which can be done on foot or in electric vehicle.

On the way, duty curious sight will small ponds where birds are found in water and lush vegetation habits. Nature lovers will still vibrate with the species of native flora and fauna of the Iguaçu National Park.

The tour also combines navigation in motor boats at the top of the Iguaçu River, reaching the Black Well pier and visiting a bunker 10 meters high, with observation of Alligator Pond, rich in aquatic fauna. A next stop is the archipelago Island of Taquaras.

Returning to Bananeiras pier there is the option of paddling inflatable kayaks (ducks), which provide a good opportunity to see several species of animals and native plants.

The tour takes place under the supervision of expert guides who will explaindetails of natural life in the Iguaçu National Park.

Remember to wear comfortable clothes, do not forget mineral water, sunscreen and insect repellent.

Duration: 2:30 a.m. minutes

Check Also

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